The Role Of A Criminal Lawyer

Criminal cases are things that most normal people would not want to have at any time in their life. However, there may be times that such occurrences are inevitable. Criminal cases cause great distress and trauma for many people whether or not the accusations where the cases are based are valid. In the instances when such occurrences are unavoidable, most people find the sole source of their hope in a criminal lawyer. Luckily, in these days where information about practically everything is available, it is no longer difficult to find a competent criminal lawyer.

An Overview of the Criminal Process, and the Criminal Lawyer’s Great Importance.

Most people would find legal processes to be very puzzling and complex. Aside from being knowledgeable about one’s rights in such procedures, the best means of arming oneself as one goes through the process is by availing the service of a criminal lawyer who has a good grasp of the law and is able to handle cases very well. Among the basic essential concepts about criminal are the following:

The Stop – whenever there are criminal investigations, the authorities may stop particular citizens for questioning. At a first glance, this already appears to be an arrest, but it is not because this legal process does not entail the movement of a person from one location to another, although there are times when people get detained when they are subject to a stop. The good thing is, people are protected by a very important right during a stop – the right not to make statements – just like in an arrest.

The Search – when there is a suspected crime, it is reported so that a warrant could be issued. A warrant is the document that lets authorities to carry out searches, empowering them to invade people’s privacy. When a suspected crime has a probable cause, judges may issue warrants. Not all searches need warrants. There are cases where immediate action is needed such as when suspicions are based on obvious evidence, when the property owner gives permission for the search, or when the venue for the search are moving vehicles.

The Arrest – arrests normally result in a person’s detainment after a crime is accused. Arrests require a reasonable belief or a probable cause for the assumption that a person was able to commit a certain crime. Two highly essential rights are provided by the constitution during an arrest – the right not to make any statements (to remain silent) and the right to be defended by a criminal lawyer. The authorities who do the arrest are required to inform the suspect about these rights. Thus, the arrested person may opt not to say anything or answer any inquiry before the criminal lawyer comes.

People arrested normally hire their own criminal lawyer; however those who do not have enough resources to avail of the services of a criminal lawyer will be assigned one. It is a good thing that criminal lawyers are actually now easy to find through local directories or via the Internet.

The importance of criminal lawyers in criminal cases cannot be over emphasized. For many, the criminal lawyer draws the very thin line between winning or losing a case that is, to be free or to be convicted.

You Need A Good Law Outline So You Can Memorize The Law

A good law outline is a necessity in order for you to internalize the law. Law outlines are the sine qua non to a full understanding of the law and the process of making a custom outline will dramatically aid in the memorization of the law. Those students who have and know how to use a good law outline will do significantly better than a student without a good law outline.

Not all the law you need to know is discussed or reviewed in class. Thus, good law outlines introduce you to that law and ensure that it is part of your exam writing preparation and memorization.

The main purpose of class is to teach you the application of the law. Law classes are very similar to a chemistry lab. The cases are the experiments. The students and the professor apply rules of law to the facts presented and discuss the results to help the student achieve the ability to apply law to facts. You are expected to have already studied the applicable law and know it dead cold. You are in class to learn how to apply the law. You are not there to do a comprehensive review of the law on a particular subject. Thus relying on class discussions alone to create a good law outline is a serious mistake.

You can purchase a law outline from a good commercial publisher. You have to learn the law but you don’t need to reinvent the wheel. A good law outline or hornbook will help you learn the law.

Hornbooks are without a doubt the way to go but do you really have 26 hours in a day to take the time to learn the law by reinventing the wheel? With 1000’s of pages and convoluted legal talk, you just don’t have the time to become an “expert.” Further, most of the idiomatic concepts presented in hornbooks are presented for academics and not for the naive law student who is just learning them and needs these concepts explained in more absolute terms of black and white instead of massive shades of gray.

Good law outlines circumvent the difficulties in learning the law from hornbooks. A law outline will explain idiomatic concepts in easy to understand language. Such a law outline will also relate these explanations to the legalese used by professors and lawyers to present the terms. It is all about saving time, which is at a serious premium for a 1L law student. You need to learn and grasp concepts quickly with the least amount of confusion.

You need to memorize the law. Hornbooks are very useful in helping you with areas of the law that present special problems for you, but they are useless as a tool for memorizing the law. A good law outline can be of enormous help in memorizing the law and in learning the application of the law. Some are formatted to allow you to memorize the information efficiently.

A Law Outline makes Memorizing the Law Less Difficult.

Choosing a good law outline is a personal process that depends on how you respond to memorization and how you learn things. Objective rules do apply even if you learn by hearing or sight or by example. Selecting a law outline to impress the professor with your class participation is a complete waste of time. Grades in law school do not depend on class participation. Impress the professor with your exam work product and not by sucking up during class. A law outline deals with all the law you need to memorize and not with the nuances of idiomatic applications of the law. Get your priorities in order and if you absolutely need to be the class king or queen by all means good luck.

The self-professed legal geniuses and experts tell you to create a law outline from scratch and solely from class discussion. Classes only go over 60% of the law. Plus do you really think that reinventing the wheel is a good idea? Would it not be better to quickly modify a commercial law outline and immediately start to memorize and learn the law for exam writing?

Perhaps, what the professors and other law students really mean to say is get a law outline that you can easily customize to cover the extra areas that your professor fails to cover.

A good law outline covers all the law and is not 800 pages.

Only the best useful law outlines ensure that they cover all the law in hornbooks and equate their lay explanation of the law with complex idiomatic terms. These outlines give you a basic format that is good or easily modified for memorization and make it easy to customize their work product for your class.

Most important is to get a law outline that is on computer so you don’t have to waste a lot of time retyping or adding information. A custom law outline is the goal but you really want to spend most of your time memorizing the law outline and not in creating the law outline. So modification of a digital law outline to a custom one is the way to save the most time.

Once you have decided on a law outline it is best to customize the information in a format that you like and is easy for you to memorize.

Posted in Law

Adjusting To Your Divorce

Parenting through divorce presents new and changing relationships for everyone. Adjusting to the process of letting go of the concept of the two-parent family and accepting the idea of new relationships takes time. Take the time to go slow when initiating a new relationship to give children time to deal with different lifestyles and eventually the possibility of an extended family. Rushing into dating may be viewed by your child as competition for your love and attention. Old fears of abandonment may surface as the fantasy dissolves that the divorcing parents will unite. As a result of the divorce, some children lose trust in adults and are slow to accept a new adult into their life. It is important to talk to your children about their feelings and their role in the new step-family. Communication, reassurance, and time will help your child make the needed adjustment.

Before dating, give your children enough time to adjust to the idea that mom and dad will be seeing other people. Make your activities with your date a part of a group function. Starting your social life with friends the children already know may also help them get the point that you are dating. In the beginning of a new relationship, meet your dates away from home to avoid having a number of different people in your home and your child’s life. Your child had lived through difficult changes and should not be asked to adjust to something else this significant unless it is necessary. Choose with care whom you let get close to your family. Before you introduce them, let your children know the nature of your relationship. Begin with a few short outings to take the pressure off forced conversation. If it looks as if the relationship will be long term, outings can gradually become longer. It is important to reassure your children of your love for them. They are less likely to accept someone they perceive as a threat to their relationship with you. It is crucial that they know that the person is not a replacement for their absent parent.

Investing In China Proposed Labor Contract Law

If you are considering setting up a company in the People’s Republic of China (the PRC) you should be aware that Chinese law is more protective of employees than the laws of many western nations, particularly the United States. The current PRC Labor Law was enacted in 1994; however, a new PRC Labor Contract Law, intended to supplement the Labor Law, is expected to come into force at the end of 2006. This new law contains both bad news and good news from the point of view of the foreign investor; however, in general it further strengthens the protection of employees.

The Bad News:

Severance Pay

Because it is difficult under the PRC Labor Law to terminate open-term labor contracts, employers usually prefer fixed terms. The Labor Contract Law will address this issue by requiring employers to pay severance compensation to employees on fixed term labor contracts if these contracts are not renewed at the end of the contract term. The proposed compensation is at least one month’s salary for each year of service.

Company Rules/Employee Handbooks

No provision in the employee handbook or other rules affecting the employee’s “personal interest” may be put into force absent consultation with the labor union or other employee representative body (under Chinese law, virtually all employees are required to be unionized).

A Shorter Probationary Period

Currently, the probationary period may be agreed between the employer and employee in the labor contract, but the maximum probation may not exceed 6 months. The Labor Contract Law shortens this period to one month for non-technical work and two months for most technical work (the six-month maximum is still retained for senior technical work, probably because these highly skilled employees are seen as less vulnerable in the employment market. This is significant because it easier to fire an employee during the probationary period than afterwards.

Non-Competition Clauses

Foreign invested companies in particular have tended to insert post-employment non-competition clauses into labor contracts in order to protect their intellectual property rights in China’s wild west business atmosphere. Although the Labor Contract Law allows post-employment non-competition restrictions, it will limit their enforceability to two years and restrict the geographical area of applicability to areas where actual competition is likely to occur. In this respect the reform will render Chinese law more similar to US law, since the current Labor Law does not impose any geographic restrictions at all (but does permits a maximum duration of up to three years). The Labor Contract Law goes even further, however, by requiring the employer buy a non-competition clause by paying a minimum compensation equal to the employee’s annual salary upon termination of the labor contract. It is still unclear what, if any compensation will be due the employee if the period of restriction is less than a year.

Contract Interpretation

Any ambiguous term in a labor contract will be construed in favor of the employee. This rule does little more that codify what has long been the prevailing practice in PRC courts.

Representative Offices

The current Labor Law requires Representative Offices to go through designated agencies such as FESCO (similar to Manpower in the United States) in order to hire employees. The new Labor Contract Law offers Representative Offices greater flexibility by allowing them to directly contract with employees for their first year of employment.

In summary, the new Labor Law will restrict foreign investor’s flexibility and make it more expensive for them to operate. The only good news is that Representative Offices will find it somewhat easier to operate. Typically, the new Labor Contract Law does not bother to define terms like technical, senior technical; and personal interest However, foreign investors have long been used to waiting months and even years for ambiguous terms in Chinese law to be defined through the further issuance of implementing regulations to supplement the main law; meanwhile the government’s actual implementation of the law in particular cases will be closely watched.

Methods To Translate Legal Documents

Legal translation is the process of changing the texts within the field of law. For law is a culture dependent subject, legal translation is not that easy. The skilled translators who specialize in this profession can translate texts and writings. As soon as there is a mistranslation, there may be law suits and tons of money will be gone.

Once a translator changes a document in the field of law, the translator has to bear in mind some things. First, the legal translation technique is made in relation to the way of life and this can be discovered in the legal language. Similarly, the target text must be read by a person who has been familiarized with another language or legal system.

A specialized translator has to be a linguist or a legal person with a little detective work in hand so that he can gather the major points in a text. Furthermore, the translator has to study the methods on how to explain legal thoughts in the native language of a document which are different from the target language or legal system. In addition, the translator must be up to decode the source text and recreate its meaning in the target text. In lots of situations, a translator can really be limited in searching for appropriate words, phrases and parenthetical clarifications. This is due to the fact that precise translation is not genuinely possible.

Legal text translators of text such as birth certificate translation normally seek aid from law dictionaries like bilingual law dictionaries. Nevertheless, the translator must be cautious because a number of bilingual law dictionaries are of inferior quality and they can only cause mistranslation. Each translator must retain the rules whenever they decode a text. The translations have to be decoded from the original text and they should be translated fully and accurately. They also must have the layout and format of the native text as well. The translator must not alter any names of persons, marks of nobility, titles, and not even the correct spelling of a name and it must be taken frankly from the original text.

A skilled legal translator who works with certificate translation must know that there are different vicinities of law that show particular translation methods. A contractual writing has a small thing in common with determination, administrative certificate, and a judicial conclusion or statute. One translator has to be familiar with how to consult a monolingual legal dictionary and at the same time a dissertation about the subject matter. Also, bilingual dictionary can also be utilized but they must be utilized with care.

Aside from terminology lacunae or lexical gaps, a translator can focus on some facets. Textual conventions that are in the native language are typically culture-dependent and will not coincide with the textual conventions in the target culture. There is no similarity between the linguistic structures of the source language and the target language. That is why the translator ought to look for the structures in the target language that is similar to the tasks of the structures of the local language.

Once an argument regarding various legal structures of languages take place, a legal adviser and the clients will be suggested to get translation services that bridge effectively the separation of legal systems, culture, and language and provide literate instead of literal translations.

Posted in Law

A Family Law Attorney Can Help You Solve Issues with Your Spouse

Familial issues can be difficult to deal with. Trying to solve most problems alone, without legal counsel, is not advised. It is usually best to get someone involved who is not a relative, like a family attorney. This type of lawyer typically helps solve issues related to divorce, though other familiar problems are also handled. Consider the ways in which you can get help by a legal representative for a myriad of issues.

If your former spouse is behind on child support payments, you will probably need a family attorney to resolve the crisis. Going without money for your children for long is unacceptable. Your ex needs to be held responsible for his or her portion of payments that are necessary to raise the children. If the matter cannot be solved civilly, outside of court and without legal representatives, then you need to seek an experienced family attorney to get the money as quickly as possible.

Child custody during a divorce is another subject that many lawyers deal with. If your former spouse has been denying you the right to see your children, you need to speak with a lawyer. Perhaps you have been to court already and thought the matter was settled, but your ex is not following court orders. In this case, a qualified lawyer can issue a contempt action, which can help make sure the offending party fully complies with the order. This can result in a change to custody or child support rules, or it could result in mandatory counseling for the parties involved.

Even if you do not have children, you could need a family attorney anyway. This kind of lawyer can help you get alimony owed to you, or help ensure that your ex spouse adheres to the prenuptial agreement. Even if you were recently married or are considering marriage, you might need legal help. For example, changing your name on legal documents, drawing up a prenuptial agreement, and getting an annulment are all matters that this kind of lawyer can help you with.

Some subjects can be dealt with on your own, but you have to ensure that you fully understand them first. Doing the research, filling out paperwork, and making sure that your current or ex spouse adheres to all rules as well can be exhausting. It can also take a lot of time and patience. Hiring a family attorney to help you along can be a big relief, which makes it worth it.

An experienced family law attorney Dallas residents believe, has the skills to help you resolve issues caused by a breakdown in the family relationship. He will stand up for you when you feel like you have no one else. To know more, visit

Helping ordinary people pursue legitimate legal claims

Amidst the vibrancy of New York City there are regular conflicts over individual and civil rights. New York City lawyers help persons resolve such matters by representing client interests in a variety of cases. New York City personal injury lawyers, medical malpractice lawyers, and police brutality lawyers serve a vital role in assisting the ordinary citizens of the city pursue legal claims when they have been victims of abuse, negligence, or recklessness.

Police misconduct refers to inappropriate actions taken by police officers in connection with their official duties. Police brutality is one of the most egregious examples of police misconduct. Police brutality is the wanton use of excessive force by a police officer, including physical force, verbal attacks, and psychological intimidation.

Although most of the public accept that police officers must use force on certain occasions, they also understand that limits must be imposed on when and how such force can be used. A use of force continuum, established by statutory and common law, sets levels of force considered appropriate in direct response to a subject’s behavior. When police exceed these strictures, it is the job of a New York Police Brutality Lawyer to ensure that the officers responsible are held to account.

New York City residents must also protect their legal rights in case of an injury caused by another person. A personal injury lawyer is a lawyer who provides legal representation to those who claim to have been injured, physically or psychologically, as a result of the negligence or wrongdoing of another person, company, government agency, or other entity. New York personal injury lawyers help the injured party pursue their legal claims in court.

Also referred to as a plaintiff lawyer, a personal injury lawyer is responsible for interviewing prospective clients and evaluating their cases to determine the legal matter, identify the distinct issues rooted within the plaintiff’s larger problem, and extensively research every issue to build a strong case. The ultimate professional responsibility of a personal injury lawyer is to help plaintiffs obtain the justice and compensation they deserve for their losses and suffering through advocacy, oral arguments, client counseling, and legal advice.

Medical malpractice may also fall under the category of personal injury. Medical malpractice is an act of professional negligence by a health care provider. In most cases it involves treatment which falls below the accepted standard of practice in the medical community and causes injury or death to the patient.

Like all other tort cases, in medical malpractice cases the plaintiff or their attorney files a lawsuit in a court with appropriate jurisdiction. Between the filing of suit and the trial, the parties are required to share information through discovery. Such information includes interrogatories, requests for documents and deposition. If both parties agree that wrongdoing has occurred, then the case may be settled pre-trial on negotiated terms. If the parties cannot agree, the case will proceed to trial. It is important to remember that both personal injury lawsuits and medical malpractice lawsuits can become extremely complex; it is therefore important to have a lawyer to represent your interests in such judicial proceedings.

Family Lawyer in Houston

In this economy, we find ourselves immersed in a world of issues both professional and personal. It seems that with larger cities, the problems can be larger as well. Houston is the fourth largest city in United States, with a population of about 2.2 million. Couples are getting divorced here every day for a wide range of reasons. To resolve your family related disputes, there are many Law firms available in the greater Houston area. Divorce is a common issue in Houston and across the US. The Houston government has passed laws regarding child custody. Child Custody Lawyers in Houston are used to fighting child custody cases for their clients. Divorce is the final and legal termination of the marriage. The Divorce Lawyers in Houston and the Divorce Attorneys in Houston are able to fight all kinds of divorce cases like flat divorces, collaboration divorce, non-settlement divorces etc. The other major family related problems are composed of the marriage, adoption, death, child custody and estate planning. These problems can be quite complex. Family law firms in Houston are capable of providing justice to their clients. Family lawyers in Houston generally help their clients in understanding their rights and help to solve the case of child custody, child support, adoption, divorce estate matters and marriage of the same sex etc. If two parties are involved in an agreement and get into any dispute then they might need a mediator to resolve their dispute. Generally these disputes can be legally resolved by the Mediation attorneys in Houston or the Mediation lawyers. The Mediation lawyers in Houston are capable of handling settlements and satisfying both the parties involved in the dispute. There are many lawyers in the Houston area who have their own firms and handle all kinds of cases on an individual basis. The firm that you choose to work with should be comprised of the best family lawyers and divorce attorneys in the Houston. Most of the Houston baes Lawyers are reputable. Some of the Divorce lawyers in Houston are also Mediation lawyers in Houston. They can resolve the cases where the parties are not interested in fighting. Child custody cases are the strong point for the Child custody lawyers in Houston as they only focus on same type of cases. And they also explain what will happen to child after the separation of the parents. The Family lawyers in Houston or the Family law firms in Houston describe all the rights and procedures to their clients in a very friendly way. The Mediation attorneys in Houston use to meet some cases in which strong legal approach is required, at such point of time they utilize the mediation methodology. Many of the attorneys in the Houston area give experienced and up to date advice regarding family law in a free initial consultation. For more information about the procedures of filing for divorce and / or child custody, contact the legal professionals at The Collings Law Firm, PLLC. They have proven success over many years in handling complex family law cases including divorce, child custody, child support, and more.

Do You Need a Personal Injury Lawyer

Whether you were involved in an accident at work, on the street, or in an automobile wreck, you may be left with significant damage to your property or minor to severe injuries. If you find yourself in such a situation, who should be held responsible for your damages? From lost wages because of missed work, to high medical bills because of major injuries, there are a variety of expenses for which you should not have to be held accountable. It is essential that the parties responsible for these damages pay what they owe. A personal injury lawyer can help you to get the compensation that you deserve.

When you have been injured because of another party’s irresponsible actions, that party should be held accountable for those actions. While it may seem obvious that the responsible party would come forward to do the right thing, this sadly is rarely the case. A personal injury lawyer can help you to get compensation for lost wages, medical expenses, and more if you were injured by another person’s negligence. Experienced lawyers can help clients to get a settlement or go to trial if necessary.

Following an automobile accident or an injury at work, it is likely that you will have to deal with an insurance company. Insurance companies have teams of lawyers working their cases, so without the assistance of an experienced personal injury lawyer, you will be at a significant disadvantage. Regardless of the circumstances of your incident, you should always consult with a lawyer about your case. A skilled legal professional can advise you on whether or not your case is worth pursuing. These consultations are offered free of charge by many law firms. If you decide to hire the lawyer, your fee will depend upon the firm and your case. For many firms, you will only be charged if you win your case.

There are a variety of ways to find the right personal injury lawyer. If you have any close friends or family members who have recently dealt with a similar situation, you may want to reach out to them for a referral. Ask them what their experience was like, and how trustworthy the lawyer was during their case. If you know any trustworthy legal professionals who are not in this particular field, they may be able to make a recommendation to you. Generally, the best way to find a trustworthy lawyer is through a referral from someone you trust. You should also keep in mind that there are lawyers within the same field who deal with different specialized areas of the law, so you should pick one who specializes in the particulars of your case.

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Apply Visa To New Zealand Immigration With Experts

Migration means the people relocate to a different country leaving their homeland seeking better migration opportunities for themselves. In this regard, the one country that has been attracting high flow of migrants from different parts of the globe is New Zealand. The country has known for offering far reaching migration opportunities to prospect immigrants stretching a pivotal migration picture worldwide. New Zealand immigration is largely known for attracting high tide of willing migrants relocating effective migration scenario on part of the country. The country is a superior destination presenting a wonderful landscape feature.

Every year thousands of candidates opt for New Zealand immigration looking at the varying skilled job opportunities that the country put forward to the whole world. There has been great demand of professionals in healthcare, IT, engineering, finance and other sectors that has been creating a prosperous immigration environment in the country. There is also seen growing rise in the number of international students who opt for New Zealand immigration seeking the educational environment that the country presents. New Zealand has highly grown rich in terms of international students who every year enrolls in the well reputed universities and institutions of the country. There have been many researches and studies on the country that has shown that the nation has highly drawn great flow of migrants who find the country highly prosperous at every step.

New Zealand is a very welcoming country with people who are highly calm offering great living environment. The country seek rich multicultural environment that is again adding great feature on part of the country. New Zealand seeks great work and life balance with a living environment that is highly safe and secure to live and grow with family and children. New Zealand is thus all in all a profound migration destination attracting high tide of immigrations every year.

Immigration overseas has been successful in placing thousands of clients in New Zealand offering great online visa services to clients helping them migrate easily. We are an immigration law firm offering the entire immigration related assistance to clients adding appropriate migration advantages on their part. Immigration Overseas has more than 10 plus years of experience in migration industry extending best immigration practices globally. Under Immigration Overseas we have expert immigration consultants who impart great knowledge and skills to the clients adding fruitful migration advantages. We are navigating the clients towards a service scenario that is highly expertise covering all the immigration related aspects ensuring that the clients get hassle free immigration ground altogether.

We are not only committed towards providing online visa services but look forward towards offering complete migration assistance that includes all the pre and post landing services making us proud migration partners. Our coveted team is adding great expertise of our in the industry taking our services to level headed stage worldwide. Immigration overseas is thus extending sound immigration service scenario globally.