How Can Reputable Immigration Lawyers in Philadelphia Help You

Many cities in the United States have a history with immigrants: New York and San Francisco are particularly the most famous in this regard. Manayunk, a neighborhood in Philadelphia, is well-known for the 19th century influx of Italian, Irish, Polish, and German immigrants after the city became a major industrial center. Immigration continues to be a hot issue in the country to this day, which is why many immigration lawyers in Philadelphia still have their hands full.

One of the most important benefits of working with an immigration attorney is the knowledge he or she has of the country’s immigration laws. These laws can be very complex, which is why some people just bypass them and enter the county as illegal immigrants. Below are some of the services that an immigration lawyer typically offers: :

Citizenship Application

One of the most common reasons for working with an immigration attorney in Philadelphia is to gain full-citizenship in the US (also known as naturalization), which can take a long time without the proper legal assistance. He or she ensures that the client submits the proper documents on time to the relevant authorities and that the process itself adheres to relevant federal laws like the Patriot Act of 2001. Hiring an immigration attorney is also a must if a business owner wants to move his or her company to the US.

Asylum Application

Refugees and expatriates need to work with immigration lawyers before they can be granted asylum in the country. However, this process may take a long time because immigration authorities also need to consider the international implications of providing refuge to, say, dissidents and activists from countries with strong ties to the US. Applications can be filed before or after the person reaches American soil.

Temporary Residency

This is specific to foreign workers and students who wish to reside in the country for a short time. However, this can also apply to Americans who wish to work or study in another country, especially if that country’s immigration laws are very different from the US. The Enhanced Border Security and Visa Reform Act of 2002 strictly requires schools and companies to report foreigners who are under their care.

For more about immigration lawyers, visit: wisegeek.com/what-is-an-immigration-lawyer.htm and attorneys.com/immigration/what-does-an-immigration-lawyer-do. For a brief look at the US immigration and visa policies, visit: travel.state.gov/visa/questions/policy/policy_4433.html.

The Legal Status Of Methylone

Although Methylone has been gaining its popularity, there are still some issues that surround this drug. One of it is if it is legal to sell this drug or not. This is considered to be one of the problems that companies selling this drug is having. There are some who are in favor of this drug are saying that it should not be ban for it has no known harmful effect. Others who are not in favor of this drug are filling up a petition regarding on the prohibition of this drug for it is still a form of illegal drug. Up to this day, there is still an ongoing debate on whether to ban this drug or not.
At some state such as the United Kingdom, Denmark, and Netherland, it is illegal for someone to sell and have this drug. Anyone who is caught buying or selling this product will automatically be in jail and a particular penalty depending on the state awaits them. However, this kind of situation is different from the United States. There is still an ongoing debate on whether to ban this drug on their country or not. The Drug Enforcement Administration or DEA is still having some debate on whether this drug is considered to be a legal or an illegal drug. They are still studying its effect on the individual and whether the effects are harmful or not. Also, they are taking into consideration the effect of this drug in their economical status for it is one of the product that is being sold largely in their state and produces high income to the investor.
But even if there is still no law regarding on the use of this drug in the United States, there are still some countries that already implemented a law regarding the use of Methylone. In Louisiana, their governor have already put a ban regarding on the possession and selling of not just this drug but other research drug such as mephedrone and MDPV as well. This is due to some claim that there has been an increasing accident recorded in the state due to the use of this drug. There are people who are calling the emergency hotline due to over dosage of this drug, while there are some reported incidents on killing associated with the use of this drug. Aside from Louisiana, North Dakota and Kentucky also make a ban regarding on the use of this drug.

Get An Idea Of The Different Qualities Of A Good Personal Injury Attorney

Personal injuries may happen anytime and anyplace. However, it is seen, in many cases that people tend to overlook the importance of hiring a personal injury attorney to deal with such mishaps. In most parts of the United States, like Sarasota (FL) and Fruitville (FL), you would come across a number of such lawyers. However, it is important to know that not all are equally experienced to deal with every aspect of such legal matters pertaining to personal injury.

Most of the American citizens, especially those residing in some of the major US cities, like Sarasota (FL) and Englewood (FL), who have interacted with a personal injury attorney recently, would tell you that it is always a good idea to spend some time to find the best lawyer. However, since after such mishaps nobody would have the time to search for a good lawyer, it is better to keep the contact details of a few of them beforehand. Here are some qualities of a good personal injury attorney, which in turn would help you recognize him amongst others:

1.Open for discussion anytime of the day: A good lawyer, who deals in such legal matters, would be ready to help you and also discuss the situation with you anytime of the day. These types of accidents do not announce beforehand of their happening. So it is very important for a good lawyer to be always prepared to help his clients.

2.Willing to keep you updated: One of the great qualities of a good personal injury attorney is that he would never shy away from keeping his clients updated about the happenings of the case in a court of law. If the lawyer refuses to do this basic service, then all his clients would remain in the dark about what is happening to their cases. This in turn would hamper the popularity of the legal adviser and all his future clients would think twice before approaching him for help.

Whatever be the situation, it is always considered to be a good idea to take your time and look for a good and experienced personal injury attorney. Sarasota (FL) and Laurel (FL) are some of those places in the US where you would find a number of people who have kept the contact details of such legal advisers handy. This is good since you never know when you may need one to help you during times of distress.

Summary of Popular US Visa Categories

Here, we will discuss different Visa Types issued by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.

Every foreign national, seeking to enter the United States for different reasons must obtain a US Visa, before entering United States. Depending upon the different needs of foreign nationals United States Citizenship and Immigration Services offer different types of Visa.

Normally we can categorize different Visa types into two popular categories:
1.Nonimmigrant Visa (For temporary stay in United States)
2.Immigrant Visa (For permanent stay in United States)

Depending upon particular requirements of foreign nationals and their purpose of visit to United States, US Citizenship and Immigration Services offer following types of Visa:

1.B-1 Business Visa US Citizenship and Immigration Services offer B-1 Business Visa to foreign nationals working for any foreign company. Foreign citizens willing to visit the United States for business purposes (it should not involve receiving salary or payment) are eligible to apply for a B-1 Business Visa.

2.B-2 Tourist Visa Foreign national who wish to visit United States for touring purposes, spending vacations or for medical treatment are eligible to apply for B-2 Tourist Visa. Citizens of countries qualifying for Visa Waiver Program also need B-2 Tourist Visa, if they plan to stay in United States for more than 90 days.

3.H-1B Work Visa This type of Visa helps college educated professionals with special skills (like Doctors, Engineers, Scientists) to enter United States, in order to make valuable contribution in American development. However, there is one constraint, a maximum of 65,000 H-1B Visas can be issued in one year. Professionals with H-1B Visa can stay in United States for a maximum of three years. However, it can be extended if required, but the maximum period of stay cannot exceed more than six years. One advantage with H-1B Visa holders is that, they can apply for Permanent Immigrant Status (Green Card), if their company is ready to sponsor.

4.H-2B Work Visa H-2B Visa is a different type of work Visa which is issued to skilled and unskilled workers (for non-agricultural jobs). Every year a maximum of 66,000 H-2B Visas are issued. Those foreign nationals are eligible for H-2B work Visas who are eager to come to United States for a temporary or seasonal job (non-agricultural) offered by US employer.

5.C-1 Transit Visa Foreign nationals who need to enter United States in order to transit to another country need C-1 Transit Visa. People with C-1 Transit Visa are allowed to travel (for a maximum of 29 days) in United States when their destination is another country. However, people holding B-1 Business Visa or B-2 Tourist Visa doesnt need Transit Visa. Citizens from countries eligible for Visa Waiver Program also dont need a Transit Visa.

6.F-1 Student Visa USCIS offers F-1 Student Visa to foreign Students willing to undergo higher studies in United States. Foreign students seeking F-1 Students Visa must have a valid educational purpose for coming to United States. However, only students participating in full time educational programs are eligible to apply for F-1 Student Visa, this type of Visa is not for part time students. Students with F-1 Visa can stay in United States till the end of their educational session. F-1 Visa is multi-entry Visa, and they are free to enter United States many times (before end of their study period). They are also allowed to travel freely anywhere in United States. They are also allowed to do practical trainings during their study period to gain work experience. In many cases, students obtaining a bachelor or master’s degree are sponsored by their employer for an H-1B Work Visa. This is the most important advantage attached with F-1 Students Visa.

7.J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa As the name suggests, J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa is for individuals participating in exchange visitor programs organized by Education and Cultural Institutions or Business Houses. J-1 Exchange Visitor Visa helps industrial trainees, students, teachers, research assistants, scholars, and people on cultural missions who are participating in a program of studies, training, research, or a cultural enrichment program designed for such individuals by the United States Department of State, through its Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs.

There are several other Visa Types targeting specific needs of people. You will get detailed information about them in next edition of our Newsletter.

Investing In China Proposed Labor Contract Law

If you are considering setting up a company in the People’s Republic of China (the PRC) you should be aware that Chinese law is more protective of employees than the laws of many western nations, particularly the United States. The current PRC Labor Law was enacted in 1994; however, a new PRC Labor Contract Law, intended to supplement the Labor Law, is expected to come into force at the end of 2006. This new law contains both bad news and good news from the point of view of the foreign investor; however, in general it further strengthens the protection of employees.

The Bad News:

Severance Pay

Because it is difficult under the PRC Labor Law to terminate open-term labor contracts, employers usually prefer fixed terms. The Labor Contract Law will address this issue by requiring employers to pay severance compensation to employees on fixed term labor contracts if these contracts are not renewed at the end of the contract term. The proposed compensation is at least one month’s salary for each year of service.

Company Rules/Employee Handbooks

No provision in the employee handbook or other rules affecting the employee’s “personal interest” may be put into force absent consultation with the labor union or other employee representative body (under Chinese law, virtually all employees are required to be unionized).

A Shorter Probationary Period

Currently, the probationary period may be agreed between the employer and employee in the labor contract, but the maximum probation may not exceed 6 months. The Labor Contract Law shortens this period to one month for non-technical work and two months for most technical work (the six-month maximum is still retained for senior technical work, probably because these highly skilled employees are seen as less vulnerable in the employment market. This is significant because it easier to fire an employee during the probationary period than afterwards.

Non-Competition Clauses

Foreign invested companies in particular have tended to insert post-employment non-competition clauses into labor contracts in order to protect their intellectual property rights in China’s wild west business atmosphere. Although the Labor Contract Law allows post-employment non-competition restrictions, it will limit their enforceability to two years and restrict the geographical area of applicability to areas where actual competition is likely to occur. In this respect the reform will render Chinese law more similar to US law, since the current Labor Law does not impose any geographic restrictions at all (but does permits a maximum duration of up to three years). The Labor Contract Law goes even further, however, by requiring the employer buy a non-competition clause by paying a minimum compensation equal to the employee’s annual salary upon termination of the labor contract. It is still unclear what, if any compensation will be due the employee if the period of restriction is less than a year.

Contract Interpretation

Any ambiguous term in a labor contract will be construed in favor of the employee. This rule does little more that codify what has long been the prevailing practice in PRC courts.

Representative Offices

The current Labor Law requires Representative Offices to go through designated agencies such as FESCO (similar to Manpower in the United States) in order to hire employees. The new Labor Contract Law offers Representative Offices greater flexibility by allowing them to directly contract with employees for their first year of employment.

In summary, the new Labor Law will restrict foreign investor’s flexibility and make it more expensive for them to operate. The only good news is that Representative Offices will find it somewhat easier to operate. Typically, the new Labor Contract Law does not bother to define terms like technical, senior technical; and personal interest However, foreign investors have long been used to waiting months and even years for ambiguous terms in Chinese law to be defined through the further issuance of implementing regulations to supplement the main law; meanwhile the government’s actual implementation of the law in particular cases will be closely watched.

Family Lawyer in Houston

In this economy, we find ourselves immersed in a world of issues both professional and personal. It seems that with larger cities, the problems can be larger as well. Houston is the fourth largest city in United States, with a population of about 2.2 million. Couples are getting divorced here every day for a wide range of reasons. To resolve your family related disputes, there are many Law firms available in the greater Houston area. Divorce is a common issue in Houston and across the US. The Houston government has passed laws regarding child custody. Child Custody Lawyers in Houston are used to fighting child custody cases for their clients. Divorce is the final and legal termination of the marriage. The Divorce Lawyers in Houston and the Divorce Attorneys in Houston are able to fight all kinds of divorce cases like flat divorces, collaboration divorce, non-settlement divorces etc. The other major family related problems are composed of the marriage, adoption, death, child custody and estate planning. These problems can be quite complex. Family law firms in Houston are capable of providing justice to their clients. Family lawyers in Houston generally help their clients in understanding their rights and help to solve the case of child custody, child support, adoption, divorce estate matters and marriage of the same sex etc. If two parties are involved in an agreement and get into any dispute then they might need a mediator to resolve their dispute. Generally these disputes can be legally resolved by the Mediation attorneys in Houston or the Mediation lawyers. The Mediation lawyers in Houston are capable of handling settlements and satisfying both the parties involved in the dispute. There are many lawyers in the Houston area who have their own firms and handle all kinds of cases on an individual basis. The firm that you choose to work with should be comprised of the best family lawyers and divorce attorneys in the Houston. Most of the Houston baes Lawyers are reputable. Some of the Divorce lawyers in Houston are also Mediation lawyers in Houston. They can resolve the cases where the parties are not interested in fighting. Child custody cases are the strong point for the Child custody lawyers in Houston as they only focus on same type of cases. And they also explain what will happen to child after the separation of the parents. The Family lawyers in Houston or the Family law firms in Houston describe all the rights and procedures to their clients in a very friendly way. The Mediation attorneys in Houston use to meet some cases in which strong legal approach is required, at such point of time they utilize the mediation methodology. Many of the attorneys in the Houston area give experienced and up to date advice regarding family law in a free initial consultation. For more information about the procedures of filing for divorce and / or child custody, contact the legal professionals at The Collings Law Firm, PLLC. They have proven success over many years in handling complex family law cases including divorce, child custody, child support, and more.

How to Choose a Trademark Attorney to Register Your Trademark or Logo

For most established businesses, the most important asset is its brand. When one considers some of the most prominent brands today, it becomes clear that without the exclusive use its owner enjoys over it, by virtue of trademark laws, all goodwill that the business benefits from is lost. Whether its the main company brand, its logo, or one of the many other trademarks that a company uses in the marketplace to identify its various goods and services, protecting these valuable trademark assets is one of the most important things that any business should address.
So where does one turn to ensure that its trademarks are protected to the maximum extent allowed by law? The process of getting this protection for a trademark in the United States involves registering the trademark with the United States Patent & Trademark Office (USPTO). There are several options.

One can turn to a law firm. This is certainly the most expensive option. Trademark attorneys at law firms generally charge by the hour and, depending on the size of the firm, hourly rates can range from $250 to $600. Given the uncertainties involved in the trademark registration process, this can add up to an unpleasant surprise when all is said and done.

Unfortunately, a lot of people use the services of so-called document filers, including the giant of the industry, LegalZoom. This is never the right choice. It is a little known fact that these services do not in fact register your trademark. They merely file an application with the information that you provide to them without any legal review or follow-up. If you are thinking of using such a “garbage-in, garbage-out” service, you might as well save your money by cutting out the middleman and doing it yourself.

One can attempt to register a trademark on ones own. In fact, anyone can represent oneself in any legal proceeding, but it is the rare individual who is willing to take on the challenge of “playing lawyer”. The trademark registration process is fraught with potential snags that only an experienced trademark attorney can navigate. An experienced trademark attorney knows the law and the “tricks of the trade”, and has had significant experience with the USPTO – thus being in a position to most accurately evaluate the outcome of choices to be made and arguments to present in order to get the ultimate prize of a registered trademark for her client.

So, now that it is clear that an experienced trademark attorney is the smart choice, how do you find one? There are many trademark attorneys with websites through which you can engage the attorney to initiate a trademark application. There are several key things to look for. A description of each of these follows.Look for a “Real” Flat Fee While many trademark registration attorneys will advertise a flat fee, be very careful about this claim. The vast majority of so-called flat fee trademark registration services excludes certain work, and will instead charge an hourly rate for this excluded work. The most significant work charged by the hour is the work involved in responding to “substantive” office actions issued by the USPTO. It is very common for the USPTO to at least issue an initial refusal to register your trademark based on one of the many statutory provisions of the trademark law that place restrictions of what may and may not be registered as a trademark. Responding to these office actions can be a very time consuming process. You want to be sure that this is included in the advertised flat fee. Virtually always, it is not. Other categories of work are similarly very often excluded from the flat fee, including submitting certain types of evidence, filing certain necessary forms during “prosecution” (i.e. the registration process) and including more than one class of goods and services in the trademark application. Be Sure That Your Trademark Will be Thoroughly Searched A necessary step in the trademark registration process is the trademark search. This maximizes the chances that your trademark will not be refused due to a prior conflicting trademark or that there are any prior common-law trademark rights owners that can take legal action against you even if you are able to register your trademark. You want to be sure that you obtain a comprehensive search that includes not only a search for identical trademarks that are registered but also common law trademarks, business names, domain names, and most importantly, any trademark that may not be identical yet nonetheless will be considered “confusingly similar” to yours. For example, in a recent decision of the court that reviews decisions of the USPTO, the trademark JOTS (for gelatin based alcohol based “shots”) was deemed to be confusingly similar to the trademark TOTTS (for champagne). Only a good trademark search performed by an experienced trademark attorney would have discovered this issue before any money was wasted on the process.Make Sure That the Attorney Has Significant Experience Registering Trademarks This is perhaps obvious but you should still be sure you know whom you are working with. Youll want to see that the trademark attorneys credentials are detailed on her website. You should also look for an attorney who is willing to provide free consultations and who offers multiple means of communicating with her (email, phone, forms, etc.). For the fixed fee, a trademark attorney should be willing to spend as much time communicating with you as necessary. The trademark registration process is a very collaborative one where the attorney will often need much information from you in order to do the job in a way that maximizes your chances of obtaining your trademark registration. This often requires a lot of back and forth between the attorney and the client. A good trademark attorney is skilled at explaining sometimes confusing aspects of trademark law and practice in a clear and concise manner for you.

Armed with this knowledge, you are ready to start protecting your companys most valuable assets.

About The Lemon Law For Cars Who To Consult

Almost everyone knows how frustrating it is when you buy something new and it does not perform as expected. Since many people depend upon their cars everyday to get them from Point A to Point B, a car that does not work is not only exasperating but inconvenient. If you have a vehicle that isnt performing up to par, you may have a lemon. There is protection for consumers in this case. In the United States, the lemon law for cars covers such a contingency. It is simply a matter of finding out whether you and your vehicle qualify under the legislation.

Finding Information on the Lemon Laws for Cars

When it comes to finding information about the Lemon Laws in America, you can consult several sources. You need, of course, to be aware of the two different types of lemon laws that could be applicable in your case: federal and state. The federal government has its own lemon law. This is the MagnusonMoss Warranty Act. Yet, most individuals tend to rely on the lemon law for cars of their won state. This creates a problem. The laws for each state differ sometimes infinitesimally, but they do have differences.

Take the coverage in terms of how long the car has been in the shop requiring repairs and/or replacement parts. In New Jersey, the lemon law states they will cover a car that has been shop bound for 20 days. In California and Pennsylvania, the minimum period is 30 days. Other characteristics of the act may be more subtle. You can find the lemon law for cars on the internet. Several sites provide the basic information. Check to affirm their credibility. State legislative and vehicle-related sites may contain the specific information you require. They can quote the legislation or provide you with an overview. This may be enough to help you at the beginning.

Talk to a Lemon Law Lawyer

Yet, it is usually not enough to simply look at the lemon law for cars for your state. You need to be able to understand the fine points. This is one reason why you might need to talk to a lawyer. A specialist in this field can help you be aware of the exactly what the law requires and demands of you and your car before it can accept your case under the lemon law. Moreover, a lemon law lawyer is able to sort through the fine print of your warranty, talk to the relevant parties and get to the heart of the matter. He or she is also there to guide you through the process and help you if the manufacturer, through the dealership, decides to put up a fight.

Citizenship and Immigration

For many Americans, their U.S. citizenship issued at birth is something they dont think twice about. But for applying immigrants, citizenship is a serious goal.

Hopefully most American natural born citizens understand that citizenship is one of the most greatly desired gifts this countrys government can bestow on its citizens. For those of us who have not had to go through the process of becoming a U.S Citizen apart from being naturally born here, there is only one other way to become U.S. citizens and that is by the often times-lengthy process of what is known as “naturalization”.

Naturalization can often times be a complicated process so you should consult with an immigration lawyer rather than attempting this yourself. Even something as simple as travel within the country or state is something that a person needs to know the rules about and this is where an Immigration lawyer is needed so that you have someone to ask questions such as “How long does it take for USCIS to issue work permission and travel permission?” or “When should I renew my work and travel permission?”

Learning about your new country and its rights and the responsibilities that accompany citizenship is an important part of being a good citizen and at the USCIS and the Office of Citizenship they have developed a great amount of resources and a variety of educational materials that allow immigrants to learn more about U.S. history and government as they prepare for the naturalization test.

A final thought on the naturalization process; in addition to finding good counsel and being represented by an immigration lawyer, there are general requirements that the USCIS will look for by those who look to make our great country their home, to name just a few: good moral character, a knowledge and understanding of U.S. history and government, and favorable disposition toward the United States.

Understanding the Objectives of Criminal Law

Los Angeles is governed by different laws that guide its residents on what they should and shouldn’t do. Any violation of the law is punishable and the degree of punishment depends on the extent of the offense. Severe violations of the law that causes serious damages are categorized under criminal offenses. These are weighed by the jury using the guidelines of criminal laws.

Offenses that fall under criminal law are murder, theft, battery, and sexual abuse. Even aiding and abetting, burglary, and assault are considered criminal offenses in Los Angeles and in most part of United States. Criminal offenses are enforced with corporal punishments in different forms and levels.

Criminal law enforcement is commonly done by -balancing the scales-. This is due to the thinking that criminals have to suffer the same way that their victims did. For example, a murderer deserves to undergo death penalty to balance the scales. This enforcement objective is called retribution.

Another enforcement objective is called deterrence, whether individual or general. Individual deterrence aims to punish the sole offender, while general deterrence aims to punish a greater group of society to discourage others from violating the law. A criminal attorney in los angeles may also be handling a case in which the law enforcers aim to incapacitate the client. Incapacitation is the act of extracting the offender from the society through death penalties or life imprisonment.

A criminal attorney in los angeles may also encounter law enforcers who aim only to rehabilitate the offender. This applies to criminal cases brought about by a certain form of addiction of the offender. There is also another form of enforcement objective called restitution where the only aim is to repair the damage done. These may seem like subtle consequences, yet these cases still need the assistance of criminal lawyers.

A criminal attorney in los angeles handles these cases because of his or her expertise in criminal law. Criminal charges are filed in courts and undergo a long process of stressful court proceedings. Once an accused person is proven guilty, enforcement of criminal law is done for different objectives.